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ѵԤҢͧ ERP MRP
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12/03/51 13:37
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ѵԤҢͧ ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning)

ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning) ¶֧ ҧἹѾҡͧкʹȷҡصˡ 駷ҤüԵҤԡ ERP ҡҹҨҡк MRP II (Manufacturing Resource Planning) ¶֧ ҧἹѾҡáüԵ MRP II ҡҹҨҡ MRP (Material Requirements Planning) ¶֧ ҧἹͧʴ (.ժ ѹԹ, 2547, ˹ 12)
MRP աþѲҵҳ 1960 Ѱԡؤ·좹Ҵ˭ (Main Frame) Ҥصˡ Ѳҡôҹ к MRP Ѳ MRP II 㹪ǧ 1980-1990 ·աõöк к кѭ Թ äԴ鹷عüԵ áԨçҹö÷Ѿҡâͧբ ͡þѲкҹҶ֧شк MRP II Relational Database ǡѺûѺا աõ駪к ERP 㹪ǧ鹢ͧ 1990 (.ժ ѹԹ, 2547, ˹ 13)

ERP ǧ͹ 1980
ʹͧкüԵ㹪ǧ 1960 觤ʹ价 äǺԹҤѧ ѷҧ еͧöǺѵشԺѡɳ just-in-case úԹҤѧ §͵ͤͧâͧ١ §͵͡ҧö㹡觢ѹ ෤ԤԸա÷١㹪ǧҹ 觤ʹ价 Ըա㹡úèѴäѧԹҢҴ˭ Software packages ǹ˭١ѲҢͧ ١䫹öǺШѴԹҤѧԸաâͧкѷ(C.Ptak, 2000)

㹪ǧ 1970 դҡ ջª·ѷеͧԹ繨ӹǹҡ㹤ѧԹҢҴ˭ 㹪ǧԴǤԴͧкҧἹͧâͧѵشԺ (Material Requirements Planning) ͷ¡ѹ MRP MRP ͸Ժ¶֧Ըա㹡кǹҧἹͧѵشԺҴ 㹢áҡҧҧüԵѡ (Master Production Schedule) ҧἹдѺ 繡ҧἹдѺԹٻ ԹٻеͧաҧçҧͧѵشԺ (Bill of Material) 觨ʴ֧ӹǹлҳѵشԺеͧѴѺüԵԹҹ еͧöӹdzҤͧ÷ԧͧͧѵشԺ кзӡҧҧººҧѵشԺ㹤ѧԹ еҧͧѵشԺǹ Фӹdz͡繨ӹǹѵشԺͧѴͼԵ§͵ͤͧ Ԩҧ 觫 ¡ԡ觫 ͡͹˹ѵشԺ-͡ ١˹Ѻ㹡üԵ кǹõҧ üԵջԷҾҡ ͧҡѵشԺ§͵͡üԵ ͡ҡ ѧ»Ѵ㹡èѴäѧԹҢҴ˭ ͧҡëԹҨШѴ¡ҵἹüԵҧ (S. Shankarnarayanan, 2000)
ѭҡüԵ§ѭҡҧἹͧѵشԺҧҹ ҧἹѧüԵ ǹ˹觢ͧѭҷ͡ 㹪ǧҵҡù෤Ԥ ҧἹѧüԵ١ҵðҹͧ MRP MRP ؤաöҡҡ· ҧἹͧä, ûҳüԵ (forecasting), ҧἹͧâͧ١ (demand management), ҧἹͧ÷ѾҡѺüԵẺҳó (rough-out capacity planning) ෤Ԥ㹡úáкǹüԵ (factory floor) ҧἹҹ (supplier scheduling) ١к MRP ¢ͧ MRP §ҧἹͧѵشԺ (Material Requirement Planning) 繡ҧἹѾҡ㹡üԵ (Material Resource Planning)

ERP ǧ 1980 - 1990
㹪ǧ 1980 ѷҧ ª鹨ҡԷҾͧ෤ ҡ红Ť͹ǢͧѧԹҢ纵Ţ͹Ƿҧҹѭ кҧἹѾҡ㹡üԵ (MRP II) աþѲյ§кѭСԹ ͡˹ͨҡҧἹüԵСҧἹͧѵشԺ þѲҹѷҧ աüҹкѴøáԨҧҧἹüԵ ҧἹѾҡ㹡üԵҡѺкǹҧἹ÷ӧҹͧͧ úѹ֡ŻШѹ㹡кǹԡѵشԺСüԵ١觵кѭСԹӡлԴѺçҹ

ERP ǧ 1990 - 2000
㹪ǧ鹻 1990 þѲҡҧͧͧ෤ʹȷ MRP II աâµҧἹѾҡ÷ͧ кǹõҧ þѲҼԵѳ, ŢͧѧԹ, ҧἹͧѵشԺ, ҧἹѧüԵ, кõԴ, èѴúؤҡ, Թкѭ, úçҹç ١кǡѹ ֧ա¹ͨҡ MRP II ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning) ͡ҡ§صˡüԵҹ鹷 ERP áԨ áԨԡ÷աùк ERP ҧ

ERP ǧ 2000 - Ѩغѹ
ERP is dead long live ERP II ͤҨҡǹ˹觢ͧҹԨ ͧ GartnerGroup (Bond et al, 2000) 㹧ҹԨ©Ѻͧ GartnerGroup ʹͧͧ кҧἹѾҡͧ (ERP) ͡ʢͧ Ե Software ERP Package йʹͼԵѳ ͵ͺʹͧ١ 繡طѺ 2005 GartnerGroup ˹ٻẺͧ ERP II 觾Ѳҡ к ERP 㹻ѨغѹԵ ERP package 鹹ӵҧ ǤԴоѲк Software ͧͧ

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